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مناهج تعليمية

Fighting Against Domestic Child Labor in Sub-Saharan Africa

10. يوليو 2013

Original author: Olusoga Sofolahan, Nigeria

On 12 June each year, people around the world mark World Day Against Child Labour (WDACL) by joining hands to raise public and political awareness to build the campaign to end it.

Fighting Against Domestic Child Labor in Sub-Saharan Africa

World Day Against Child Labour 2013

Theme - Fighting Domestic Child Labor (FDCL)

On 12 June each year, people around the world mark World Day Against Child Labour (WDACL) by joining hands to raise public and political awareness to build the campaign to end it.

The theme of WDACL 2013 is ”Child labor in domestic work”.Once again, World Scouting and International Labour Organization's (ILO - of the United Nations) join forces to organize activities and events to raise awareness and mobilize action around the world.

Of an estimated 15.5 million children engaged in paid or unpaid domestic work in the home of a third party or employer, 10.5 million are estimated to be in child labor either because they are below the legal minimum age for admission to employment or because their work is regarded as hazardous. These children are particularly vulnerable to abuse: their work is often hidden from the public eye, they may be isolated and they may be working far away from their family home.

The World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM) and the ILO’s International Program on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) have worked together for a decade now to raise awareness of human rights and social justice, in particular about child labor. The enthusiastic participation of youth in jointly planned ILO-Scout activities has created local and global interest and developed new networks involving IPEC field offices and WOSM National Scout Organizations (NSOs).

In 2012, the two organizations signed a third Memorandum of Understanding (See MOU below in blue) extending our cooperation for a further five years. During that time we want to strengthen the role of young people as advocates against child labor using IPEC’s Supporting Children’s Rights through Education, the Arts and the Media (SCREAM) program and to engage Scouts even more in activities which reach out to children in or at risk of child labor.

In a joint statement issued by Scott Teare, Secretary General of WOSM and Constance Thomas, Director of ILO/IPEC, they said:

'We would like to thank those Scouts who continue to add their voice to the worldwide movement against child labor. Now let’s work together to ensure that all 30 million Scouts, youth and adults, girls and boys, both know about child labor and are able to take an active part in the worldwide movement, engaging with socially excluded children to help prevent and remedy this continuing violation of their human rights.'

Friday 09 November 2012

World Scouting and ILO-IPEC extend cooperation by signing of a new MoU

Luc Panissod, Secretary General of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM) and Constance Thomas, Director of the ILO’s International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC), have signed a new Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) today to extend the cooperation between WOSM and ILO for a further five years.

The shared vision of WOSM and the ILO in pursuing social justice and peace and the empowerment of young people are at the core of the collaboration between the two organizations, which was formalised with the signing of a first MoU in 2004. The cooperation is based on a mutual commitment to raise awareness in society through children and youth on issues of social justice, human rights, the social dimensions of globalization and in particular, child labour. Over the past eight years, jointly planned ILO-WOSM initiatives and events have revolved around IPEC’s Supporting Children’s Rights through Education, the Arts and the Media (SCREAM) programme. As a result of the collaboration, Scouts and Leaders have been trained to use the SCREAM methodology to empower children and youth, mobilise their communities and organise events for the World Day against Child Labour.

Beyond awareness building and advocacy, the potential of Scouting to reach out to children in or at risk of child labour and make a real difference in the lives of children has been proven. Scout Reaching Out projects, often run in partnership with the ILO national offices, have provided child labourers with social care, informal education as a bridge to mainstream schooling and access to recreational opportunities. International conferences on Scouting and child labour and workshops at world and national Scout Jamborees have provided the impetus for collaboration between National Scout Organizations and IPEC field offices.

Luc Panissod, said on the occasion:

"The World Organization of the Scout Movement is happy to renew our Memorandum of Understanding with the International Labour Organization’s International Programme for the Elimination of Child labour (ILO/IPEC). This renewal reinforces our joint commitment to further build on all the good work we have done together so far, since we first signed an MoU between the two organisations in 2004. In these last 8 years, we have worked closely between WOSM and ILO/IPEC not only here in Geneva but more importantly at various levels from Regional, National to local, and the cooperation has only become stronger with time. I can confidently say that ILO/IPEC is one of the closest allies for World Scouting from amongst our external partner organisations, especially in the UN system.

WOSM has especially taken the SCREAM Education Pack of ILO/IPEC to a large number of Scouts in the grassroots level. We have also been working together to promote the World Day Against Child Labour annually for several years now, using it as a new ripple that we send out to the over 30 million strong WOSM membership in 200 countries and territories to remind them of the joint cause that our partnership has been working on. Through this partnership, our National Scout Organizations have advocated children's rights to their young members and extended Scouting to children in difficult circumstances, to help create a better world, which is the Mission of Scouting. The current MoU also entails scope to work together on Keeping Children Safe From Harm, based on Scouting’s work on Child Protection with what we call, the Keeping Scouts Safe From Harm initiative. Many of our National Scout Organizations have been pioneers in establishing excellent policies, procedures and practices in place, including training of adult leaders."

Constance Thomas, said on the occasion:

“215 million children, that is one in seven, are still in child labour, 115 million of them in the worst forms. Youth bring essential energy, ideas and action to reinvigorate the global movement to end child labour. As we sign this new Memorandum of Understanding with the World Scout Movement we look forward to deepening further our cooperation so that the over 30 million Scouts, youth and adults, boys and girls, in 161 countries do not just know about child labour but are able to take an active part in the worldwide movement against it, engaging with socially excluded children to help prevent and remedy child labour.”


12 to 12 partnership initiative

In the context of the worldwide movement for the progressive elimination of child labour and in conjunction with the SCREAM (Supporting Children’s Rights through Education, the Arts and the Media) programme, IPEC established the 12 to 12 Partnership Initiative. This initiative – partnerships for sustainable and global impact – aims to harness the commitment and motivation of different partners through a range of joint action, activities and programmes in the build-up towards the World Day Against Child Labour on June 12. From one 12 June to the following 12 June, hence “12 to 12", partners and collaborators create momentum for action orientated social and political commitment.

Youth in action against child labour

Young people worldwide are speaking out against child labour and taking action to raise further awareness of this issue. They are spreading knowledge among their peers, acting as a voice for those children whose rights are not respected and calling on decision-makers to act urgently to protect children in danger. Numerous tools and initiatives exist to inspire and motivate children of all ages, from primary school right through to university, on the subject of child labour.

A youth-orientated version of Convention No. 182 against the worst forms of child labour has been developed in order to help make people aware that child labour is a violation of human rights hindering children’s development, compromising entire generations and undermining the human capital of the world. Action must be taken to combat this problem.

SCREAM: Supporting Children's Rights through Education, the Arts and the Media

Since the causes of child labour are many and complex, the International Labour Organization (ILO) tackles the issue using a multifaceted approach, from promoting ratification and effective implementation of ILO child labour Conventions, to mobilizing key sectors of society in the worldwide movement against child labour. Young people, in particular, have an important role to play in this movement by raising awareness on issues of social justice and exerting their influence locally and globally to bring about social change. By empowering young people, giving them responsibility and recognizing the value of their contribution, we can harness the wealth of creativity and commitment that they can bring to the campaign to eliminate child labour. To this end, the International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) created the SCREAM – Supporting Children’s Rights through Education, the Arts and the Media – programme. SCREAM is an education and social mobilization initiative to help educators worldwide, in formal and non-formal education settings, to cultivate young people’s understanding of the causes and consequences of child labour. The programme places heavy emphasis on the use of the visual, literary and performing arts and provides young people with powerful tools of self-expression while supporting their personal and social development. Through SCREAM, thousands of young people around the world have become engaged in fruitful initiatives to raise awareness against child labour as individuals or in groups and have become young advocates to promote a fair globalization.

Red Card to Child Labour

In several sporting disciplines, but especially in football, the red card sanctions faults which are liable to exclusion from the field In 2002, the ILO and IPEC decided to use the symbol of the red card to raise awareness in preventing, challenging and eliminating child labour through advocacy campaigns.

"Red Card" takes place during international football competitions to inform the public on child labour issues with the aim of fostering the emergence of a world movement in favour of the elimination of this plague: 218 million children worldwide are at work, among them 126 million are intolerably exploited.

1. Soccer Legend and former Brazilian Minister of Sports Pele has been a member of the Red Card Campaign since 2007. Joining the ranks of numerous other sports stars and international personalities, including Zidane, Roger Milla, Ronaldo, Rai, Sepp Blatter and Gilberto Gil, as well as presidents, prime ministers and ministers of Brazil, Cameroon, Costa Rica, East Timor, Egypt, Mali and Peru, Pele has added his voice to the global movement to end child labour. The ILO-FIFA Red Card Campaign mobilizes communities and sports associations in vulnerable neighbourhoods around to world to empower girls, boys and youth to participate in the fight against child labour. It encourages local sports initiatives to tell the world to give a "RED CARD to exploiters of children's rights".

The Brazilian Minister of Labour, Mr. Carlos Lupi, and Indian Minister of Labour, Mr. Oscar Fernandes, hold up a red card to child labour and announce South-South cooperation to combat child labour, particularly its worst forms. Employers' and workers' representatives of both countries were also present at the bilateral meeting on the 6 June 2008. The two Ministers agreed to share good practices and invited each other, along with tripartite delegations, to visit different regions of their respective countries. Areas of common interest cited include labour inspection, conditional cash transfer mechanisms to combat child labour, and vocational training and school feeding programmes.





Olusoga Sofolahan-Atibioke (Olori Omo-Oba)(LT).

Member, Nigeria MoP Training Team

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