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Introduction

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, known as B-P, was born in Paddington, London on 22 February 1857. He was the eighth of ten children of Baden, a Professor at Oxford University, and Henrietta Powell. His father died when B-P was only three years old, leaving the family in a challenging situation.

B-P was given his first lessons by his mother and later attended Rose Hill School, where he gained a scholarship to Charterhouse School. He was always eager to learn new skills and played the piano and the violin. While at Charterhouse he began to exploit his interest in the arts of scouting and woodcraft.

In the woods around the school, B-P would hide from his masters as well as catch and cook rabbits, being careful not to let tell-tale smoke give his position away. The holidays were not wasted either. With his brothers he was always in search of adventure. One holiday they made a yachting expedition round the south coast of England. On another, they traced the Thames to its source by canoe. Through all this Baden-Powell was learning the arts and crafts, which were to prove so useful to him professionally.

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Our timeline

  • Baden-Powell’s Birth

    воскресенье, февраля 22, 1857

    Born in Paddington, London, England

  • Baden-Powell Joined the Army

    воскресенье, февраля 20, 1876

    Joined the British army and appointed as Sub-lieutenant for the 13th Hussars in Lucknow, India, and specialised in scouting, map-making and reconnaissance

  • Baden-Powell’s Successful Defense of Mafeking Town

    среда, февраля 22, 1899

    Declared a hero for successfully defending the Mafeking Town during the Boer War and was promoted to Major-General by Queen Victoria

  • Baden-Powell Organised the Experimental Camp

    четверг, августа 1, 1907

    Held a seven-day experimental camp for 20 boys on Brownsea Island, Dorset, England

  • Baden-Powell Retired from the British Army

    вторник, февраля 22, 1910

    Retired from the British army as Lieutenant General and focused on the Scout Movement

  • Baden-Powell’s Marriage

    четверг, февраля 22, 1912

    Married Olave St Clair Soames and subsequently had three children – Arthur, Heather and Betty

  • Baden-Powell Established a Training Centre for Scout Leaders

    среда, февраля 19, 1913

    Started Gilwell Park Training Centre for Scout Leaders in London, England

  • Baden-Powell Acclaimed Chief Scout of the World

    пятница, июля 30, 1920

    Acclaimed Chief Scout of the World at the 1st World Scout Jamboree in London, England

  • Baden-Powell Opened the International Scout Chalet

    воскресенье, февраля 22, 1925

    Opened the International Scout Chalet in Kandersteg, Switzerland (now known as the Kandersteg International Scout Centre)

  • Baden-Powell Created a Peer

    пятница, февраля 22, 1929

    Made Lord Baden-Powell, 1st Baron of Gilwell, by King George V

  • Baden-Powell Built His African Home

    пятница, февраля 19, 1937

    Built and lived at his home, Paxtu cottage, in Nyeri, Kenya

  • Baden-Powell Gone Home

    среда, января 8, 1941

    Passed away in Kenya at the age of 83. He was accorded military funeral and burial at St Peter’s Churchyard on 9 January. A memorial service was also held on 27 January at Westminster Abbey, London, England

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